This paper describes structural tests of thin vaults made of reinforced brick masonry. The experiments consist of concentrated loading tests of 14 full-scale laboratory vaults. These vaults are designed to include common situations such as short- to midspan length, low-mid-high rise, rigid-flexible-sliding supports, instantaneous-sustained loading, low-high strength mortar, point-line loading, central-eccentric loading, point-line supports, hinged-clamped supports, symmetric-asymmetric shape, double layer versus single layer reinforcement, and uniaxial-biaxial bending, among others. The tests mainly aim to obtain the collapse loads and to characterize the pre- and post-peak response. The results show satisfactory structural performance, both in terms of ductility and strength. Moreover, it is possible to predict the structural response with numerical models developed specifically for this purpose. Flat specimens were also tested to determine the punching shear strength of the vaults. This work is part of a larger research project aimed at promoting innovative semi-prefabrication techniques for reinforced brick masonry vaulted light roofs.