During a rain event, most of the raindrops reaching the facade either splash back or run off the exterior surface of the facade. However, it is evident that also a portion of the water infiltrates through the open joints of a ventilated facade. The infiltrated water may either be drained in the cavity to the bottom of the wall or reach the insulation layer. If there are any deficiencies present in the insulation layer or at the connection of the brackets, the infiltrated water might introduce problems. Additionally, if the cavity is not able to drain all the infiltrated water or adhered droplets to one of the cavity surfaces do not dry out, moisture problems might occur. Experiments were conducted to determine the infiltration rate through ventilated facades with open joint widths of 5 mm, 10 mm and 15 mm and cavity widths ranging from 190 mm to 40 mm. It was observed that the amount of infiltrating water was larger for larger joints widths. Due to the larger kinetic energy of the drops flowing through the larger joint widths, the drops were able to reach the exterior surface of the insulation layer, even for large cavity widths. The results from the experimental assessment were used as input parameters for hygrothermal simulations to determine the risk of moisture problems.

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Published on 25/09/20
Submitted on 23/09/20

DOI: 10.23967/dbmc.2020.162
Licence: CC BY-NC-SA license

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