Fibre Metal Laminate materials, like Glass Laminate Aluminum Reinforced Epoxy (GLARE), provide a unique opportunity to integrate patch antennas directly into the fuselage of aircraft. This integration will contribute to the reduction of carbon emissions of aircraft due to the reduction of aerodynamic drag. This paper discusses the integration of a double patch GNSS antenna directly into a classical Fiber Metal Laminate. A demonstrator of the antenna was manufactured and measured. The antenna has a flush finish on the outside of the fuselage. The preliminary results of these measurements show promising antenna performance, but more measurements are required to fully characterize this integrated antenna.
 K. A. Yinusa, “A Dual-Band Conformal Antenna for GNSS Applications in Small Cylindrical Structures,” IEEE Antennas Wirel. Propag. Lett., vol. 17, no. 6, pp. 1056–1059, Jun. 2018, doi: 10.1109/LAWP.2018.2830969.
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