Striving for the optimization and the increase of efficiency of various systems demands further developments of the classic manufacturing methods. Especially grinding processes, which are characterized by undefined cutting-edge geometries, reveal many fields where there still is a lack of understanding. In particular, the processes at and their effects on the individual abrasive grit are insufficiently researched and, therefore, do not allow sufficiently accurate behavior predictions. In order to optimize grinding processes and, ultimately, the resulting quality of the workpiece surface, it is necessary to look at the entire process in a holistic way. Due to the large number of influences to which the grinding process is subject, it is initially advisable to break down the process as far as possible into individual scratch tests and then gradually return to the overall process. One approach is the development and expansion of an FEM-based physical force model, which allows for the simulation and prediction of a scratch tests and, subsequently, also the entire grinding process with all relevant influencing factors. One of these influencing factors, which are essential but mostly unconsidered, are cooling lubricants, especially their tribologically favorable influence on the interaction between workpiece and indenter. Therefore, it is important to identify and investigate the different aspects, such as the friction phenomena of scratch tests that are influenced by the use of cooling lubricants. In addition to temperature and force characteristics, which have been found to differ with and without cooling lubricant, differences in the scratch geometry on the material surface have also been observed in recent tests. Based on these findings, this work examines the relationship between scratch geometry and cooling lubricant. It turned out that scratch tests conducted with cooling lubricants have an influence on the topography of the scratch on the workpiece surface in addition to the influence on the tangential and normal forces. The ratio of scratch width to scratch depth is used for evaluation. A reduction of this ratio is observerd in the scratches with cooling lubricants and is, therefore, interpreted as a reduction of the scratch width as a result of the use of cooling lubricants.
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