International audience; Car-sharing systems are increasingly employing environmentally-friendly electric vehicles. The design and management of Ecar-sharing systems poses several additional challenges with respect to those based on traditional combustion vehicles, mainly related with the limited autonomy allowed by current battery technology. We review the main optimization problems arising in Ecar-sharing systems at strategic, tactical and operational levels, and discuss the existing approaches often developed for similar problems, for example in car-sharing systems with traditional vehicles. We also outline open problems and fruitful research directions.
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