Most of the maintenance actions in the construction sector are still reactive and sporadic, based on subjective criteria. Usually, maintenance actions are performed when the building already presents unacceptable degradation levels, and the reactive maintenance actions carried out only correct the anomalies observed, not dealing with the causes, thus leading to additional costs and risks for owners. This study establishes a condition-based maintenance model applied to natural stone claddings. This model has a stochastic nature, in order to deal with the complexity of the degradation phenomena. For that purpose, Petri nets are used, providing an efficient tool to model the deterioration process and the maintenance decisions considered for stone claddings. The maintenance model is a full life-cycle model that encompasses: (i) the stochastic assessment of the degradation condition of the stone claddings, and their expected service life; (ii) and the inspections, maintenance and renewal processes. In this study, three maintenance strategies are considered: (i) major intervention only; (ii) combination of minor and major interventions; and (iii) combination of cleaning operations, minor and major interventions. The impact of the different maintenance strategies in the future performance and remaining service life of stone claddings is analysed, also evaluating the economic impact of each maintenance plan.
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