Household survey data can be used to shed light on recent progress in terms of this indicator globally. During 20082013, mean incomes for the poorest 40% rose in 60 of the 83 countries for which we have data. In 49 of them, accounting for 65% of the sampled population, it rose <italic>faster</italic> than overall average incomes, thus narrowing the income gap.
In the policy space, there are examples both of pre-distribution policies (which promote human capital investment among the poor) and re-distribution policies (such as targeted safety nets), which when well-designed have a sound empirical track record of both raising productivity and improving well-being among the poor.
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DOIS: 10.1093/acrefore/9780190625979.013.445 10.1596/1813-9450-8451
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