The spatial distribution of Rotylenchulus reniformis on cotton cultivated in crop rotation with sorghum-peanut-velvetbean was studied using geostatistics. The experimental field, which had been continuously cropped with cotton during 20 years, comprised two 32 x 48 m-grids, each divided in sixty-four 4 x 6 m sampling plots. For all crops, 300 cm 3 of soil samples were taken at the center of each plot at crop germination (Pi) and again at harvest (Pf), from which the numbers of nematodes were determined. The results revealedthat the spatial distribution of R. reniformis was highly aggregated and with the aid of the geostatistical techniques the nematode intensities were mapped and the risk areas accurately identified. Consequently, geostatistics is here considered a useful tool for planning nematode control strategies, particularly in Precision Agriculture.