vities of transit buses traveling along arterial roads and city streets consist of frequent stops and idling events at many predictable occasions, e.g., loading/unloading passengers at bus stops, approaching traffic signals or stop signs, and going through recurrent traffic congestion, etc. Besides designing transit buses with electric powertrain systems that can save a noticeable amount of energy thanks to regenerative breaking, this urban traffic environment also unfolds a number of opportunities to further improve their energy efficiency via vehicle connectivity and autonomy. Therefore, this paper proposes a complete and novel simulation framework of integrated vehicle/powertrain eco-operation system for electric buses (Eco-bus) by co-optimizing the vehicle dynamics and powertrain (VD&PT) controls. A comprehensive evaluation of the proposed system on mobility benefits and energy savings has been conducted over various traffic conditions. Simulation results are presented to showcase the superiority of the proposed simulation framework of the Eco-bus compared to the conventional bus, particularly in terms of mobility and energy efficiency aspects.
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