The paper presents a historical outline of structural solutions of reinforced concrete floors from the turn of the 19th and 20th centuries to the half of the 20th century in the Lower Silesia region of Poland. It is based on the analysis of archival documentation and expert research carried out during the design of the revitalization of historic public and industrial buildings. The structural typology of some simple RC floors slabs used in that time of introduction of concrete into construction life as well as constructional solutions of buildings erected in western Poland in those days are presented. Nowadays, while some of these buildings undergo refurbishment process to adapt them to new functional aims these RC floors have to be strengthened using different methods, depending on the assessment results. In some of the presented design study cases assessed technical state and load bearing capacity of floors ensure the possibility of their further use without the need for significant reinforcements, except for the need for surface material repairs. However, in some cases due to concrete deterioration processes and loss of its durability, despite necessity of material renovation, structural strengthening methods needed to be applied. For example, increasing the load bearing capacity of floors by making additional concrete layers cooperating with the existing reinforced concrete slab or by changing the static scheme by making new supports up to the complete replacement of floors (not only concrete ones) with modern, concrete rib-andbeam or composite ones were considered.

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Published on 30/11/21
Submitted on 30/11/21

Volume Conservation of 20th c. architectural heritage, 2021
DOI: 10.23967/sahc.2021.204
Licence: CC BY-NC-SA license

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