Melaka’s state structure plan 2035 envisions a comprehensive and integrated transport network for the state in Malaysia. The plan involves increasing the capacity and quality of international seaport and airport infrastructure, along with rail connectivity. The plan includes a Bus Rapid Transit system (BRT) with the development of Transit-Oriented Development (TOD) nodes. These investments in mobility infrastructure will boost Melaka’s economic growth. New provision of infrastructure mobility and in particular the BRT lines with TOD projects are an opportunity to reshape more efficiently Melaka’s urban form and increase its economic density, which is a pre-condition for reaching the structure plan 2035 target of doubling gross domestic product (GDP) per capita and shifting to a service economy. Melaka is a car-oriented city and state where low density and fragmented urban form reduce physical proximity between where people live and work. Therefore, effective provision of a first-class public transport system is a fundamental building block supporting Melaka’s aspiration to become a high-income economy. Integrating transport mobility in land use plans and enhance walkability should thus become a priority. The integration of land use intensification, transit infrastructure provision, and economic policy with TOD will make Melaka State more competitive, with higher-quality neighborhoods, lower infrastructure costs, and lower carbon dioxide (C02) emissions per unit of GDP. This supporting report elaborates on Melaka’s urban mobility.
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