The small and medium Italian historical centres are characterized, among other things, by reconstruction that have occurred over the centuries after earthquakes. While earthquakes determine structural damages, human losses and loss of the functionality of an urban system above all, they may create, at the same time, new opportunities if the urban and socio-economical structures are improved during the reconstruction processes as a whole. These processes and the optimal implementation of planning models within them is not straightforward , due to that several issues emerge as a challenge of the reconstruction programmes (decision-making processes, general vision for the entire urban system for instance). According to the literature, although a unique definition has not still been coined, resilience can be defined as the capacity of a system (a city) to withstand and restore after a shocking episode (an earthquake). Mainly in the context of cities , some approaches have been framed and experimented by other authors [3, 4, 5]. Starting from a short literature review, focuses on theories and methodological approaches to evaluate urban resilience, this work analyses – through an interdisciplinary approach – the case study of Nocera Umbra twenty years after two devastating earthquakes occurred in 1997. The research represents a first attempt that aims at analysing if the implemented reconstruction strategies have made the urban system more resilient with respect to both the built and the socio-economic environment.
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