Wood, unlike steel and concrete, is an anisotropic material. Because of its inherent characteristics, the mechanical behaviour of wood depends on the grain direction and the load type. Appropriate material models are the fundamental basis of reliable simulations. The constitutive models incorporated in existing general design software packages are often limited, making the software unsuitable for accurately predicting the mechanical behaviour and failure modes of wood-based materials. In this paper, a comprehensive constitutive model, composed of sub-models for describing the elastic properties, strength criterion, post-peak softening for quasi-brittle failure modes, plastic flow and hardening rule for yielding failure modes, and densification perpendicular to grain, was introduced. Modelling considerations on the effects of temperature, moisture content, and loading time were discussed. Advanced and practical modelling methods and key considerations for wood-based products were introduced, aiming to support practicing engineers and researchers to become better acquainted with modelling and analysing timber structures.

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Published on 01/07/24
Accepted on 01/07/24
Submitted on 01/07/24

Volume Geomechanics and Natural Materials, 2024
DOI: 10.23967/wccm.2024.113
Licence: CC BY-NC-SA license

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