A macroscopic model to account for the hydration and aging phenomena that occur during the early ages of concrete is proposed in this work. Assuming the percolation of water through the hydrates already formed as the dominant mechanism of cement hydration, a normalized variable called hydration degree is adopted in the model, which has an evolution law that can be easily calibrated through an adiabatic calorimetric test. This methodology allows an accurate prediction of the evolution of the hydration degree and the hydration heat production. The evolution of the compressive strength is related to the aging degree, a novel concept which accounts for the effect of the hydration degree and the influence of the curing temperature on the final mechanical properties of concrete, a feature not attended with classic maturity concepts. A wide set of experimental tests validates the proposed model for ordinary and high performance concretes. Fly ash admixture concretes with a large spectrum of cement substitutions can be also modelled with the proposed approach.

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Published on 11/07/19

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