The use of metakaolins has been shown to be effective in modifying the properties of cementitious materials related to durability, highlighting the very positive impact in terms of increasing the electrical resistivity of concrete and reducing ionic transport in this porous medium. In this sense, the present work aims to evaluate the efficiency of different metakaolins in terms of pozzolanic activity, linking the efficiency to various characteristics of the metakaolin. Five samples of different Brazilian commercial metakaolins were then characterized, using the following methods: BET specific surface area, X-ray fluorescence (XRF), X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier Transform Infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy, thermal analysis (TA/DTA), thermogravimetric analysis (TG/DTG) and determination of pozzolanic activity by the modified Chapèlle method. As the main results, it was found that the BET specific surface area and the Al2O3 content, obtained by XRF, better explain the pozzolanic activity of metakaolins (Pearson correlation coefficients equal to 0.89 and 0.94, respectively). The amorphous content (quantified by Rietveld in the XRD) showed only a reasonable correlation with the pozzolanic activity determined by the modified Chapèlle method. In general, the chemical-mineralogical characteristics that indicate purity and amorphism of metakaolin, expressed by the Al2O3 content, Al2O3/SiO2 ratio, SiO2+Al2O3 sum, and amorphous content, represent important performance parameters of metakaolins. The specific surface area compensates for lower purity or chemical reactivity and significantly influences pozzolanic activity.

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Published on 03/10/23
Submitted on 03/10/23

DOI: 10.23967/c.dbmc.2023.028
Licence: CC BY-NC-SA license

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