Individualized computer models of the geometry of the human heart are often based on magnetic resonance images (MRI) or computed tomography (CT) scans. The stress distribution in the imaged state cannot be measured but needs to be estimated from the segmented geometry, e.g. by an iterative algorithm. As the convergence of this algorithm depends on different geometrical conditions, we systematically studied their influence. Beside various shape alterations, we investigated the chamber volume, as well as the effect of material parameters. We found a marked influence of passive material parameters: increasing the model stiffness by a factor of ten halved the residual norm in the first iteration. Flat and concave areas led to a reduced robustness and convergence rate of the unloading algorithm. With this study, the geometric effects and modeling aspects governing the unloading algorithm's convergence are identified and can be used as a basis for further improvement.

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Published on 11/03/21
Submitted on 11/03/21

Volume 400 - Biomechanics and Mechanobiology, 2021
DOI: 10.23967/wccm-eccomas.2020.177
Licence: CC BY-NC-SA license

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