The road congestion problem in The Netherlands is addressed. Focus is on congestion development and congestion patterns on the Dutch motonA/ays. In order to understand the nature and extent of motorway congestion a description is given of the special features of the Dutch motorway network. Special attention is devoted to the design principles that explicitly take congestion into account. Figures are presented on the level, nature and extent of the congestion pattern using a variety of congestion indicators. Having described the symptoms an analysis is presented of the main factors causing congestion in the past decades and in the future. This forms the stepping stone for a presentation of Dutch transport policy towards curbing congestion and improved traffic flow quality. This presentation focusses on the target group approach and on dynamic traffic management including congestion pricing. The conclusions try to give an assessment of the possibilities to achieve improvements.
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DOIS: 10.1080/01441640119641 10.1080/014416400750059301
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