Abstract

Natural convection,Hybrid RANS-LES,Turbulence modeling Transient,buoyancy-affected flows play a major role in some industries,for instance in the design of nuclear power plants or the under-hood space of automobiles. In order to avoid expensive experiments,promote rapid design,development,it is quintessential to employ efficient,robust,accurate CFD models to simulate such flows. With the aim of being cost-effective,retaining the ability to capture the necessary transient phenomena,the industry standard of using RANS models alone does not suffice,whereas LES is as of yet not affordable for industrial configurations. In this context,a Hybrid RANS-LES model based on temporal filtering,called Hybrid Temporal Large Eddy Simulation (HTLES) is developed,thus reducing computational costs by switching to RANS in the near-wall regions while being able to predict a large part of the turbulent scales in regions where it is necessary. The present work is based on the HTLES model developed for iso-thermal configurations [1],with the hybridisation applied to the standard k SST model. The extension to natural convection flows is carried out using the DNS database of a differentially heated square cavity [2]. The test case is characterised by the three non-dimensional numbers viz. Rayleigh number(Ra = 10 ),Prandtl number(Pr = 0.71),aspect ratio(A = L /L = 1),features a stratified core with a spatially developing buoyant boundary layer. The study reveals that the HTLES model is able to predict the mean profiles of temperature,velocity satisfactorily. Comparisons with URANS show that the HTLES model predicts the kinetic energy profiles more accurately,especially when considering coarser grids. However,it is noted that the current definition of the shielding function (used to enforce RANS close to the walls based on the Kolmogorov length scale) is inadvertently modifying the energy ratio far from the wall due to fluctuations in the dissipation rate,. This is further confirmed by way of a priori tests using the DNS database. It is essential to have a shielding function that is only effective in the near-wall regions. Therefore,to ward off this issue,a shielding function based on the Elliptic blending framework is developed. For the validation of the approach,flows in a differentially heated vertical channel [3],a 4:1 cavity [4] are considered,in order to investigate the ability of the model to reproduce natural convection flows with very different stratification.

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Published on 11/03/21
Submitted on 11/03/21

Volume 600 - Fluid Dynamics and Transport Phenomena, 2021
DOI: 10.23967/wccm-eccomas.2020.118
Licence: CC BY-NC-SA license

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