Summary

Selective catalytic reduction (SCR) process with urea-water solution (UWS) is often used in automotive industry to decrease emissions of nitric oxides (NO x) in the exhaust gas. In this process the urea from UWS decomposes to isocyanic acid and ammonia, where the latter is needed to increase the efficiency of the NO xreduction on the catalyst surface. Along with the advantages of using UWS several drawbacks reduce the performance of a SCR system. Incomplete decomposition of urea leads to a formation of residuals affecting the efficiency of the exhaust gas systems. Therefore, the complete decomposition of urea and homogeneous distribution of the resulting ammonia in front of the SCR catalyst represent main challenges in improving the SCR technology. In order to investigate the process of the urea decomposition a detailed chemical kinetic mechanism in the liquid phase is employed. The results are compared with a commonly used approach to model urea decomposition as an evaporation with a following decomposition reaction in the gas phase. It is shown that by using such a mechanism, the decomposition of urea and the gas phase composition with the urea decomposition products can be described more accurately. However, implementing these mechanisms in computations (in CFD approaches) requires a large amount of computational (CPU) time and memory. The method of Reaction Diffusion Manifolds (REDIMs) is implemented for the reduction of the detailed chemical kinetics in the stage of urea decomposition such that the distribution of products of the urea decomposition can be captured accurately in the gas phase with only two reduced variables instead of the 7 gas phase species of the original model.

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Published on 24/11/22
Accepted on 24/11/22
Submitted on 24/11/22

Volume Computational Solid Mechanics, 2022
DOI: 10.23967/eccomas.2022.230
Licence: CC BY-NC-SA license

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