The monograph highlights the way in which, in the long term, the application of design standards can lead to a reduction of seismic risk in urban areas. The seismic design standards make recommendations regarding the seismic loads to be used, the simplified methods of structural analysis, the criteria that must be applied to ensure a good overall behavior of the same, as well as the design details that must be incorporated. The structural analysis procedures foreseen in all the world standards are based on concepts generally used in the static and dynamic calculation of structures. However, the concepts considered when using these simplified procedures of dynamic analysis and the approximate formulas for the determination of the dynamic characteristics of buildings, are not explained. For this reason, the monograph analyzes the content of the seismic-resistant design regulations in relation to the analysis methods they propose, explaining the concepts of structural analysis that are applied in each case, with special reference to the Spanish regulations in vigor, NCSE-02. Since many design codes include rules that are not justified in the text of the regulations, this monograph also deals with aspects of the so-called conceptual design that requires decisive decisions in the initial phases of the design of structures, which condition the seismic behavior of the same. To facilitate the application of the dynamic analysis of buildings, a program developed in Matlab ® has been incorporated, which can be obtained from the web page www.cimne.com/is-56/modal, together with the data files and results, which are described in the Annex to this monograph.