The analysis of velocities from high-density pedestrian events may provide more information on pedestrian flow dynamics. A framework based on particle image velocimetry (PIV)-a technique commonly used in experimental fluid dynamics-has been developed to evaluate the pedestrian velocities from high-density pedestrian events. The framework takes a sequence of two or more images from a regular closed-circuit television camera and obtains the flow properties (speed, direction) of the pedestrians. A detailed analysis has been done in both the qualitative and quantitative aspects of adapting PIV to pedestrian flow. An investigation through the use of the fundamental diagram and real-time extraction of crowd velocities is also presented and discussed. The proposed PIV-based framework enables on-the-spot analysis of pedestrian flow via velocity extraction in a reliable, automated manner.

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Published on 01/01/2019

DOI: 10.1109/TITS.2019.2899072
Licence: CC BY-NC-SA license

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