Encounter risk prediction is critical for safe ship navigation, especially in congested waters, where ships sail very near to each other during various encounter situations. Prior studies on the risk of ship collisions were unable to address the uncertainty of the encounter process when ignoring the complex motions constituting the dynamic ship encounter behavior, which may seriously affect the risk prediction performance. To fill this gap, a novel AIS data-driven approach is proposed for ship encounter risk prediction by modeling intership behavior patterns. In particular, multidimensional features of intership behaviors are extracted from the AIS trace data to capture spatial dependencies between encountering ships. Then, the challenging task of risk prediction is to discover the complex and uncertain relationship between intership behaviors and future collision risk. To address this issue, we propose a deep learning framework. To represent the temporal dynamics of the encounter process, we use the sliding window technique to generate the sequences of behavioral features. The collision risk level at a future time is taken as the class label of the sequence. Then, the long short-term memory network, which has a strong ability to model temporal dependency and complex patterns, is extended to establish the relationship. The benefit of our approach is that it transforms the complex problem for risk prediction into a time series classification task, which makes collision risk prediction reliable and easier to implement. Experiments were conducted on a set of naturalistic data from various encounter scenarios in the South Channel of the Yangtze River Estuary. The results show that the proposed data-driven approach can predict future collision risk with high accuracy and efficiency. The approach is expected to be applied for the early prediction of encountering ships and as decision support to improve navigation safety.

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Published on 01/01/2020

Volume 2020, 2020
DOI: 10.1155/2020/8897700
Licence: Other

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