J. Dores, B. Graça, M. Coelho, R. Manso, F. Gomes
Until the late 1980s, it was considered that any testicular mass, if suspicious, should be removed totally by radical orchiectomy, however, a marked increase in incidental testicular mass diagnosis, the high accuracy of diagnosis obtained from frozen section examinations, and evidence showing the potential advantages of testis‐sparing surgery, threw into question the need to sacrifice the entire testis even when a normal contralateral testis was present. We present a 23‐year‐old patient who was asymptomatic at diagnosis of a non‐palpable testicular mass with a size of approximately 7.5 mm and negative for tumor markers. He underwent a Testis‐sparing surgery guided by ultrasound with frozen section examination, however, with the suspicious of Germ cell tumor, it was decided to complete the orchiectomy. The final histological results were Leydig cell tumor. Given the high likelihood of non‐palpable and small testicular lesions being benign (80%), the negative impact of radical orchiectomy on spermatogenesis, cosmetic aspects, and endocrine function, impossible to ignore, Testis‐sparing surgery is a procedure that although it is not a standard procedure must be employed as the first approach in selected cases and specialized reference centers.
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Published on 11/04/17
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