Abstract

Single exposure to remote ischaemic pre-conditioning (RIPC) has been shown to be effective in reducing major adverse events during cardiac surgery. We evaluated the efficacy of repeated exposure RIPC to elicit improvements in cardiovascular function. A systematic search was conducted [...]

Abstract

To assess the effects of each traditional cardiovascular risk factor (hypertension, diabetes mellitus, dyslipidemia, and smoking), including the presence of coronary artery disease (CAD), on carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT) and to assess the degree of carotid plaque occurrence. [...]

Abstract

The number of antihypertensive drug classes cannot accurately reflect the total consumption of antihypertensive drugs used to control blood pressure. The defined daily dose has been adopted to permit consumption analysis of many prescribed drugs. The aim of the present study was to [...]