Abstract

Previous studies have shown that 33 % to 44 % of the mass embodied in residential and office buildings and up to 50 % in high-rise buildings is attributable to floor slabs. Floor slabs are typically bearing a bending load. Load-transfer through bending is not efficient because the [...]

Abstract

High demand for living and working space as well as the corresponding infrastructure, caused by a growing population and increasing prosperity worldwide, leads to increased consumption of mineral resources. This is accompanied by high usage of grey energy and a high output of greenhouse [...]