Abstract

In 1972 mural paintings of Takamatsuzuka tumulus were discovered and have been conserved on site for 35 years, but fungi growth on the mural paintings was not suppressed. In 2007 the stone chamber was dismantled and removed to the facility for conservation and restoration. The purposes [...]

Abstract

Underground construction involves all sort of challenges in analysis, design, project and execution phases. The dimension of tunnels and their structural [...]

Abstract

The present work introduces a new application of the Particle Finite Element Method (PFEM) for the modeling of excavation problems. Lagrangian descriptions of motion of the continuum medium are the natural way of describing motion in solid mechanics. Particle finite element methods [...]