A wide variety of flood simulation models are available nowadays. Some of them use a 1D approach and others a 2D one, but there are also some which allow the performance of integrated 1D–2D simulations. These latter models, which have important advantages in optimizing computational costs, commonly use the 1D approach in river channels and the 2D one in floodplains. The coupling of 1D and 2D flows usually ensures mass conservation and makes use of simplified weir-type or friction slope equations, but neglects momentum transfer between the two domains. This paper presents a fully conservative method for the coupling of 1D and 2D domains to be used in numerical schemes based on finite volumes. The method, based on a discretization of the numerical fluxes which ensures the conservation of mass and momentum, is verified with simple test cases. The proposed scheme is compared with the standard method based on the source term of the equations and is applied to the hydrodynamic characterization of a river-reservoir system situated in the River Ebro in Spain.

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Published on 01/01/2012

DOI: 10.1016/j.advwatres.2012.03.021
Licence: CC BY-NC-SA license

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